The Monarchy

Although the current Chakri Dynasty was created in 1782, the existence of the institution of monarchy in Thailand is traditionally considered to have its roots from the founding of the Sukhothai Kingdom in 1238, with a brief interregnum from the death of Ekkathat to the accession of Taksin in the 18th century. The institution was transformed into a constitutional monarchy in 1932 after the bloodless Siamese Revolution of 1932. The monarchy's official ceremonial residence is the Grand Palace in Bangkok, while the private residence has been at the Dusit Palace.

The King of Thailand's titles include Head of State, Head of the Royal Thai Armed Forces, Adherent of Buddhism and Upholder of religions.

Thailand’s King Bhumibol Adulyadej, world’s longest-reigning monarch, died in October 2016 at 88, being the world’s longest-reigning monarch. He was credited with restoring the influence of Thailand’s royalty during 70 years on the throne and earning the devotion of many of his subjects. 

For the majority of the country’s 68 million people, the king was a pillar of stability in rapidly changing times — Thailand embraced industrialization during his reign but also saw its parliamentary democracy punctuated by 10 military coups, the most recent in May 2014. King Bhumibol, who ascended the throne on June 9, 1946, was seen as a force for unity.

The king was seen as semi-divine by many ordinary Thais, an image bolstered by Thailand’s education and legal systems.

“The King shall be enthroned in a position of revered worship and shall not be violated,” states the constitution.

Now, the country faces an uncertain future. The vast majority of Thais have lived only under Bhumibol.

The Thai people have been mourning for one year now, and the king is going to be cremated and burried this october.

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